Osteoarthritis - Symptoms

Central arthrosis complaints are the joint pain and the increasing difficulty of moving the affected joint. Again and again inflammations occur, which are expressed by increased pain, redness, overheating and swelling (as a result of an articular effusion). Later, deformities and nodular changes in the joint area also occur.

Pain as an arthritis symptom

There are three types of pain in osteoarthritis. If a joint is insufficiently lubricated and the articular cartilage is already partially broken down, the cartilage surfaces rub against each other less well. This causes pain at the beginning of a movement (starting or starting pain).

As the destruction of the cartilaginous layer progresses, pain is created in the joint due to the disturbed frictional behavior of the roughened articular surfaces. The further arthritis progresses, the greater the pain under stress (fatigue or stress pain).

Rest pain occurs when an inflammatory process already occurs in the joint. The body tries to break down the tissue and cell debris that results from joint destruction. These enzymes are released, which attack the already damaged cartilage in addition and cause an inflammatory reaction in the joint. One speaks then of an "activated arthritis".

Overview: Symptoms of osteoarthritis

Arthrosis is associated with several symptoms:

  • Decreasing joint mobility and pain
  • Start pain, which disappears after a few movements
  • Fatigue pain (ie an increase in pain after prolonged exercise)
  • Difficulties to execute the joint movements "to the stop"
  • Cracking or crunching in the joint
  • Heat sensation during exercise
  • Moist and cold weather intensify the complaints
  • Tenderness without really visible swelling
  • feeling cold
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