What most people do not even care about is a key factor in their lives for ulcerative colitis patients: bowel movements. This is limited by a chronic inflammatory process, which leads to many unpleasant, sometimes dangerous symptoms. Colitis ulcerosa, like Crohn's disease, is one of the chronic inflammatory bowel diseases.
Colitis is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease
Both diseases manifest themselves through similar complaints, but differ in which sections of the intestine and tissue layers are affected and in their prognosis. Of the 100, 000 inhabitants, around 10 people in Germany suffer from either disease each year. This affects mainly people in the third and seventh decade of life. Although inflammatory bowel disease occurs worldwide, it is more common in western industrial nations.
An adapted diet in ulcerative colitis is important for the course and life of this inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
Ulcerative colitis: Symptmoe and discomfort
Colitis ulcerosa (ulcerative colitis) is characterized by a relapsing or permanent inflammatory process of the large intestine (colitis), which usually begins in the rectum and gradually spreads in up to 20 percent of those affected in the entire colon. The remaining parts of the gastrointestinal tract are - unlike the disease Crohn's disease - not affected. The inflammatory changes, abscesses, bleeding and ulcers (ulcers) are limited to the mucosal surface, which changes over time due to the constant stimulus and thus can no longer properly perceive their function.
Ulcerative colitis: causes and triggers
The causes are still not sufficiently known. It is suspected that disorders of the immune system lead to pathological interactions with the intestinal mucosa and so to the inflammatory stimuli. The familial accumulation suggests a hereditary component. Also infections are discussed as triggers. While the risk of developing Crohn's disease is increased by smoking; Ulcerative colitis is less common in smokers.