Many people know about dry skin problems. However, patients with diabetes are particularly often plagued by rough, itchy and cracked skin, because the altered metabolism also affects the skin. Four out of five diabetics suffer from skin problems such as dry skin, cracks, athlete's foot and poorly healing wounds. Protection provides good blood sugar control and intensive care.
Above all, upper layers of the skin are affected
Especially the epidermis with its horny layer is affected by the diabetes. Their job is to protect the body from dehydration, pathogens and pollutants.
This uppermost skin layer is supplied by the underlying dermis. Here are the blood vessels, nerves, sweat and sebaceous glands. If these are damaged by the high blood sugar, they can no longer work properly. The skin is no longer getting enough nutrients and oxygen.
The result: it can no longer store moisture as usual and dries out faster.
Disturbed fat production
The skin's own fat production in the sebaceous glands usually gets out of balance for diabetics. The fat film on the cornea gets "holes" and can no longer reliably protect the underlying skin from environmental influences. In addition: This biological acid mantle relies on a slightly acidic environment with a pH of around 5.5.
False care, for example, with alkaline soaps, hot water and low-grade creams, can weaken this natural skin barrier. The skin becomes rough, chapped, scaly, tense and itchy. Also, she is more susceptible to allergies in this condition. Products with perfume, fragrance and preservatives can additionally irritate the skin.
Diabetics: sensitive feet
Especially affected are hands and face, legs and feet. Especially the feet are the focus of diabetic care. Because circulatory and nervous disorders as a sequelae of the disease are common in this distant from the heart place. The sweat production decreases and makes the skin brittle, cracked and weak. Bacteria and fungi have easy game.
In addition: infections and wounds remain undetected for longer and heal worse. Diabetics should therefore pay special attention to their feet!