On World Health Day, the World Health Organization (WHO) commemorates its founding in 1948. For many years, it has set a theme that, from the WHO's point of view, is particularly relevant and relevant to all countries of the world. In 2007, the focus will be on protection against infectious diseases - also with regard to the consequences of global warming and the resulting natural disasters.
Active protection against infections
WHO cares about infection around the world, and national governments must ensure that they are implemented in their respective territories. These range from stockpiling vaccines to national disaster preparedness plans to awareness raising campaigns and reporting for certain infectious diseases, which are monitored by health authorities.
Active infection control for a trip to tropical regions begins at home during the preparation and includes a travel plan that takes into account, for example, the different types of holidays such as hotel holidays or trekking holidays. Accordingly, hygiene measures such as water sterilization tablets and diarrhea preparations, mosquito nets and complete insect protection must be included in clothing and skin protection products. Some travel medicine services therefore offer a paid individual travel advice that takes into account the individual components of the planned trip.
Update vaccination protection
In principle, the vaccination status must be checked before each trip, especially before long-distance travel. This includes the control of
- Standard vaccinations according to the German vaccination calendar, inclusive
- Hepatitis A,
- Polio, measles and
Also part of the classic travel vaccinations
- Yellow fever,
- Hepatitis B,
- Purulent meningitis (meningococcal meningitis),
- TBE (tick-borne encephalitis) and
- Japanese encephalitis.
Over-60s must think about pneumococcal and flu vaccine protection. The timely review of vaccine protection is all the more important as last-minute travel, especially in tropical and subtropical areas, leaves little time to build active vaccine protection. The vaccination program should be completed as far as possible 10-14 days before the start of the journey. Contact persons for travel vaccinations are the public health authorities, doctors and pharmacists.
It is advisable to search specifically for practices and pharmacies that have received further training in the field of travel medicine and are up-to-date here. Most of the vaccinations can also be made by the family doctor. In contrast, yellow fever vaccinations with a live vaccine may only be carried out by approved yellow fever vaccination centers.