"Eat mushrooms and you live longer!" Recommends one who needs to know: Prof. Jan Lelley, Professor of Mycology at the University of Bonn. He introduces a whole series of mushrooms that, in addition to enriching the menu, also develop amazing healing effects on various diseases.
Mycotherapy - fungal medicine
Meanwhile, many open-minded doctors have become aware of the possibility of "mushroom medicine". Prof. Lelley has even coined the term "mycotherapy" analogous to the herbal medicine "phytotherapy". The mushrooms with the strongest healing effects are sometimes very tough and therefore inedible varieties that need to be ground into powder in order to be ingested. Others, such as champignon, oyster mushroom or shiitake, are among the most popular edible mushrooms.
Mushrooms: medicines that taste good
Quite apart from the healing power experts recommend the consumption of porcini mushroom and chanterelle, of chestnuts, birch mushroom and food stump, of stick sponge, mushroom and mushroom butter for many health reasons. Mushrooms are very low in calories and contain carbohydrates other than plants: no starch, but mannitol, a particularly suitable for diabetics sugar, which was originally discovered in manna.
Mushrooms regulate digestion with their fiber content and provide valuable minerals and vitamins. The Chinese morel Mu-Err, called Judasohr, stimulates the immune system and normalizes excessive blood lipid levels. For 4, 000 years, the woody, hard-shining lacquer mushroom, inedible as an edible mushroom, has been regarded by the Chinese as an elixir of immortality. Powder and extracts of Lackporlings lower blood pressure, prevent inflammation, act against altitude sickness on the mountain and are good for bronchitis, diabetes and muscle spasms.
The oyster mushroom is bred for trade, but also grows in deciduous and mixed forests and parks on stumps and wood waste. Above all, it has a strong cholesterol-lowering effect. Extracts have been successfully used in Japan against various tumors. And Russian researchers have extracted from oyster mushrooms an anibtiotikum called Pleurotin.
Champignon as a famous edible mushroom
He is our most important and best-known culture food mushroom. However, it is largely unknown that it has an antihypertensive effect thanks to its active ingredient tyrosinase. Chinese healers advise young mothers to eat mushrooms frequently to encourage milk production for the baby. Finally, mushroom extracts have also been used successfully in animal experiments for the treatment of connective tissue tumors (sarcomas).
For foresters a pest that can kill trees, for the cardiovascular disease a true remedy: The parasitic fungus, which, however, not everyone tolerates well, contains a number of agents that promote the circulation and oxygenation of the organism. He combats germs such as the pus-causing Staphylococcus aureus and triggers meningitis. In China, Hallimasch tablets are produced to strengthen the lungs and digestive organs.
Giant Bovist: Known as bureaucrat
He has 20 to 50 centimeters in diameter. And he can bring it up to 20 kilograms in weight. Young and white, it is considered a prolific edible mushroom, from the schnitzel fry, what used to earn him the nickname "bureaucrats". It works with its ingredients against anemia, chronic inflammation of the digestive organs and cystitis. Homeopathic preparations are used to prevent bleeding after surgery, especially nosebleeds.
The white, finger-like fungus, which likes to grow on well-fertilized pastures, is a sensitive fellow. It can be grown, but hardly marketed, since it dissolves in heat within a few days in an ink-black liquid. As edible mushroom connoisseurs have already equated it with the cep, the Kaiserling and the escalope. And as a medicinal mushroom, he may still have a career as a diabetic drug in front of him, because it lowers the blood sugar lasting. You should never enjoy it together with alcohol.
He is certainly the most curative mushroom whose unmistakable, almost garlic-like taste characterizes every Shiitake dish. In Japan, it is recommended for normalization of blood pressure, against gastric ulcers, gout, constipation, neuralgia and as a retarding age. Its effects against colds have been confirmed in scientific studies.
Above all, it has a protective effect against influenza virus A. In type 2 diabetics, it increases insulin production. It lowers cholesterol levels and slows down tumor growth. From the fungus and its mycelium researchers have won the tumor drug lentinan, which is now approved in Japan in combination with chemotherapeutic drugs for the treatment of gastric cancer.