The sage belongs with about 900 different plants to one of the most species-rich genera in the plant world, but only the genuine sage (Salvia officinalis), also gardening, kitchen or healing sage called, finds as a healing and spice plant entrance into our domestic kitchen and Pflanzenapotheke, The Latin name (salvare = cure, salvus = be healthy) indicates the medicinal effect of this herb, which has been known since antiquity. The Romans brought the sage over the Alps to Europe, where he enjoyed in the following years in the monastery and cottage gardens because of its many healing properties of great popularity.
Active ingredients in sage
The sage leaves can be harvested all year round, but shortly before flowering, the plant is the most nutritious. For the winter, the shoot tips can be cut and hung in bunches, they remain aromatic for a long time.
The intense odor of the sage plant is caused by its high content of essential oils (1 to 2.5%), especially thujone, cineole and borneol. In addition, camphor, tannin and bitter substances, glycosides, acids and an estrogenic substance are also present. The ornamental sage and the local meadow sage do not contain any essential oils.
Healing effect of sage
Although the thujone occurring in the real sage is a neurotoxin and can cause hallucinations in high doses, the sage is a versatile medicinal and spice plant, because thujone is only very slightly soluble in water and therefore occurs only in traces in sage tea.
The effect of sage is:
- sore closing
- menstruation regulating
- blood purifier
Numerous effects on health
Sage is a good remedy for coughing, sweating, loss of appetite and stomach and intestinal diseases. Sage steam baths also help with oily and impure skin, which is why sage is also a popular skin care product. Sage tea has a preventative effect on the risk of infection such as a flu epidemic, it supports the treatment of diabetes and is used as a gargle for inflammation in the mouth and pharynx.
In pregnancy and lactation, the effect of sage tea is controversial. For gargling colds, the tea can be used without hesitation. Nursing mothers should, however, take care that sage has a milk-inhibiting effect. This can be helpful in case of excessive milk production or weaning. Women with normal milk production should refrain from lactating tea during lactation.
Sage as a kitchen herb
The fresh sage leaves should be preferred in the kitchen, but be carefully dosed because of their strong spiciness. Sage extends the shelf life of food and has a stomach-strengthening effect. It can be finely chopped just before serving all soups, stews and vegetable dishes added.
Also tomato dishes, salads and fish, poultry, potatoes, pizzas and various oils, but especially meat dishes such as venison, pork, beef and lamb taste more aromatic by adding sage.
Sage recipe for sage tea
Pour 1 teaspoon of dried or fresh sage leaves in 1/4 l of hot water and let stand for 10 minutes. The sage tea should not be drunk in the long term and not more than 2-3 cups per day, because it can come in overdoses to poisoning symptoms.
In pregnancy or kidney disease one should avoid sage tea. For gargling in infections of the throat and throat area, the effect of sage tea can be enhanced by adding camomile.
Sage grow, plant, cut
The sage belongs to the plant family of the mint family. The woody sage plants, which grow to over half a meter in height, have a richly branched rhizome and prefer a dry, sunny spot with well-drained soil in the garden. Characteristic of the sage are its felty, rough, evergreen and slightly wrinkled leaves. From the real sage there is a vast number of variations, including colorful leaves.
A sage plant can be rejuvenated by offshoots or sinkers, which it forms itself on down-bent branches. You should cut back sage if possible in the spring and only if you want to verkeinern the plant. The sage cutting pays off later by lush growth of the plant. From June to August, the sage adorns with whorls of blue, rarely pink to white flowers that can be used as a bee pasture. Sage is only partially hardy, so it should be covered with brushwood in the cold season.