Pain in tendon insertion points at the elbow bone is common. The underlying irritation, however, rarely arise at the eponymous ball game, but usually in other permanent or unfamiliar demands: sporadic, but excessive home improvement, constantly carrying the baby, continuous editing of the keyboard.
Tennisarm - who is affected?
Through changing techniques and improved materials, tennis players are less and less attracted to such an inflammation of the muscles in the elbow area.
It is more common for office workers, for example, to paint walls for hours at home or to build a garden shed from the home improvement market on a single weekend. Or people who constantly use their arms for long periods of time, for example, because of heavy carrying or uniform stressful movements with their hands and arms - for example, mothers, secretaries, road workers, construction workers or assembly line workers are affected.
How is the tennis elbow coming?
In a tennis elbow - the exact name is tennis elbow or, in technical terms, epicondylitis humeri radialis - caused by overuse smallest tears in the tendon insertion of the forearm extensor muscles at the elbow. Most of these do not heal by themselves, but trigger a painful inflammation.
How do I recognize a tennis elbow?
Pressing, or even lightly touching, the small bony protrusion on the elbow (palpable above the elbow, for example, placing the arm angled in front of him) causes a strong, stabbing pain. The fist becomes increasingly powerless, lifting and carrying heavy, and later lighter items like a coffee mug hurt.
After all, more and more things fall out of hand and grasping, even shaking hands becomes almost impossible. The pain can also - especially in the so-called mouse arm - in the wrists, back of the hand, forearm and fingers noticeable.
The tennis elbow affects women and men alike, especially in middle age. If the other tendons on the elbow are affected, it is also called golfer elbow (epicondylitis humeri ulnaris) - this is however far less common.
Tennis elbow: diagnosis
How is a tennis elbow recognized? The described complaints are usually so typical that the suspected diagnosis is made quickly. This is secured by so-called resistance test, in which the affected person must perform certain movements according to instructions and the doctor assesses pain and strength. Further examinations by ultrasound or X-ray are only necessary in exceptional cases, for example to rule out another cause.